Common Name: Little golden-mantled flying fox
Scientific Name: Pteropus pumilus
Distribution: Philipines (except Palawan region), Talaud Islands (Indonesia)
Status: CITES – Appendix II. IUCN (2008) – Near Threatened (NT).
The Little golden-mantled flying fox one of the smaller flying fox species and is considered near threatened throughout its range. The species is endemic to the Philippines and associated with primary and well-developed secondary lowland forest from sea-level to about 3,600 ft (1100 m), rarely to 4,100 ft (1250 m), and is uncommon outside of forests. This species is most common on small islands and uncommon to rare on larger islands. This bat is threatened in the wild due to hunting and loss of habitat. P. pumilus does not tolerate disturbance and avoids purely agricultural land, preferring to fly in the upper canopy.
The Little golden-mantled flying fox has a wingspan of 2.5 ft (762 mm) and a weight of 7 oz (200 g). This species prefers more solitary roosting as opposed to living in large colonies like many other bat species. Little golden-mantled flying foxes reach maturity at 1 year old and have a gestation period of 155 days which produce a single offspring. This species tends to live in small groups or individually but will aggregate in small numbers in fruiting trees to feed along-side other species of bats.
The Lubee Foundation, Silliman University CENTROP and the DENR of the Philippines have initiated conservation action including captive breeding to safeguard this threatened species.